Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji was born on Chet Vadi Teez Vikrami Samvat 1946 ; 9th March 1890 A.D. on Sunday.
Birth Place : Sri Bhaini Sahib
Father : Satguru Hari Singh Ji
Mother : Mata Jiwan Kaur Ji
Wife : Mata Bhupinder Kaur Ji
Children : Sri Satguru Jagjit Singh Ji and Maharaj Bir Singh Ji.
Education and childhood
After the Birth of Satguru Partap Singh Ji, the Police Check Post was shifted from the main gate of Gurdwara Sri Bhaini Sahib to another place and many other restrictions imposed earlier were relaxed. Satguru Partap Singh Ji learnt Punjabi from Sant Wazir Singh and Baba Santokh Singh. He learnt the Panj Granthi from Sant Dhian Singh Ji. Satguru Partap Singh Ji learnt recitation of Path or Bani from Sant Sewa Singh Ji. He got the knowledge of Hindi and Sanskrit from Pandit Basant Singh Ji of village Garh Padhana. He recited whole of the Adi Sri Granth Sahib at the tender age of seven.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji became the successor of the Guruhood at the age of Sixteen.
Satguru Ram Singh Ji had once forecast that "New marriage will be solemnised. Partap Singh, a great visionary and confident personality will be born"
Satguru Hari Singh Ji had once said "He is already educated" when Mata Jiwan Kaur had requested His Holiness for educating Satguru Partap Singh Ji.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji ordained that every Namdhari should do Naam Simran for one hour daily, this ordainment was made on 1st Jeth Vikrami Samvat 1997 - 1940 A.D.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji started Akhand Varni
1. At Sri Bhaini Sahib in Vikrami Samvat 1996 in 1939 A.D.
2. At Sri Jiwan Nagar in Vikrami Samvat 2004 in 1947 A.D.
The Varni which is performed twenty four hours a day and 365 days a year non-stop.
"Paths and Havan Yagnas" done for the sake of re-appearance of Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji
during the time of Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji
10000 Aakhand Path of Adi Granth Sahib
1000 Aakhand Path of Dasam Granth Sahib
600000 Simple Paths of the Adi Granth Sahib
Two Havan Yagnas of Chandi-Di-War
525000 Paths of Chandi-di-War
Satguru Partap Singh Ji visited foriegn countries
He visited Thailand 22 times
Africa 4 times
Singapore 1 time
About the Land in Nabha
A gift of land measuring 5860 Bighas or 1281 Acres at Nabha was presented by Maharaja Ripudaman Singh (of Nabha State) to Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji on the occasion of the birth of a son to the Raja. Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji had, later distributed this land among 110 Namdhari families and settled them there.
Cow protection and preservation
Namdharis have participated in many agitations in favour of cow-protection. They had protested against the setting-up of the slaughter houses by the British government in Lahore on August 1937. They had performed one lac twenty five thousand paths of Chandi-di-war. As these paths approached completion, the British government cancelled their plan of setting up the slaughter house.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji
promoting Punjabi Language
- Arranged the Punjabi Conference
- Set up schools where Punjabi language was taught
- Started a weekly Punjabi Paper named "Satjug" (first published from Lahorre on 26 May 1920 A.D.
- A daily Paper named "Kuka" was also published from Lahore for sometime.
According to the order of Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji, the Namdhari Darbar had annouced on (11 Poh Vikrami Samvat 1986, December 1929 A.D.) that only those letters would be answered, Which were written in Gurmukhi.
Punjabi Conference held
First organised in Simla on 6 December 1942 A.D. which was presided over by Bhai Arjan Singh Ji Bagrian. The following three resolutions were passed in this conference :
- Punjabi Language should be adopted by the Delhi and Lahore Radio Stations.
- Punjabi Language should be enforced up to the University Level.
- Only those office-bearers should be appointed who have inclination towards Punjabi Language.
After that, The Punjabi Conference was organised at Sri Bhaini Sahib on October 17-18, 1942 A.D. S. Baldev Singh (Ex-Defence Minister) had presided over the Conference.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji banned such ceremonies :
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji banned the marriage ceremonies to be performed at home on the occasion of Jap Prayog 1935 A.D. at Sri Bhaini Sahib.
Sri Satguru Partap singh Ji banned engangements and performing Ardaas after engagement on the occasion of Holla Mohalla Festival on 22 March 1924 at Bijliwal.
Personal Assistants of Sri Satguru Partap singh Ji
- Sant Rattan Singh Ji
- Sant Mohkam Singh Ji
- Bhai Wazir Singh Ji
British Government requested for recriuting Kukas for the British Army
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji had said "Both of us are old enemies. You have taken such mean action against Sri Bhaini Sahib that the future generations shall never pardon you. Secondly, when you are wasting the wealth of our country on illegal wars, how can you expect us to aid you? The British Government had made this request during the First World War.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji established the Music School
A Music School was first set up at Sri Bhaini Sahib in 1928 A.D. Its objective was to impart knowledge of and create a positive attitude towards Classical Music.
Ustads (Master Musicians) appointed in Music School
Ustad Harnam Singh chawinde Wale was the first teacher.
Ustad Udho Khan (and after him his son Rahim Baksh), Bhai Taba and Bhai Nasir also taught at the school.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji organised Gurmat Sangeet Samellan
Gurmat Sangeet Samellan was organised by Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji on 8-9 Asu Vikrami Samvat 1990. Only stringed musical instruments were used in this Sangeet Samellan. Gurbani was recited as per the Ragas in which it was written. The Judges in this Samellan were Bhai Sahib Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha, S. Mukand Singh Ji, Sant Hira Singh Ji, Baba Nihal Singh Ji.
The First Prize won by Sri Harnam Singh of Thatha Tiba (Distt. Ferozepur)
The Second Prize : Bhai Lal Ji , the Rabab Player of Amritsar
The Third Prize : Bhai Samund Singh Ji of Nanakana Sahib
Punjabi Magazine started by the school children
Students of the school at Sri Bhaini Sahib continued their academic studies along with attending music school. A magazine named "Piara" was started by the school students. Sri Pritam Singh Kavi, Sri Pritam Singh Panchi and S. Gurdial Singh Jhattu were the editors of this magazine.
Mata Bhupinder Kaur Ji requested the separate Jap-Prayog
Mata Bhupinder Kaur Ji had requested Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji for a separate Jap-Prayog for ladies which was accepted in Vikrami Samvat 1977, 1920 A.D.
Namdhari Darbar constituted
The Namdhari Darbar was constituted by Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji Maharaj in vikrami Samvat 1977 , 1921 A.D. at Mukatsar during the Holla Mohalla. Its first cheif was Maharaj Gurdial Singh and the first President was Raja Dhyan Singh Ji.
Development of Sri Jivan Nagar after independence
After independence in 1947 A.D. , India was divided into two countries , namely India and Pakistan. Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji had fore-warned all the population especially Namdharis to migrate to India to save themselves
from the hardships and upcoming calamity He had expected in the guise of partition. Many Namdharis who had acted on the advice of Sri Satguru Ji were saved while those who did not, had to face many hardships besides losing thier land, property, money and even family members. Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji had already bought some fourteen thousand acres of land near Sirsa prior to the partition, so that the migratees from West Punjab (Pakistan) could be settle there. Here, they were allotted land according to their needs where a network of roads has now been established. Mastan Garh, the marshy land (declared unfit by experts) is now a productive land with orchards of grapes, Kinoos and oranges. A school and a college were also built here which are now running very successfully. Sri Guru Hari Singh College and Sri Guru Hari Singh Maha Vidyala and some primary schools are rendering great service to the community. The Namdhari Sikhs are now leading a princely life at the place where initially only sandy barren land once was.
Sri Satguru Partap Singh Ji passed away on the intervening night of 5-6 Bhadon, Vikrami Samvat 2016, 21-22 August 1959 A.D. at sri Bhaini Sahib.